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Sign In Sign Up. Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. Download this LitChart! Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Romeo and Juliet can help. Themes All Themes. Symbols All Symbols. Theme Wheel. Understand every line of Romeo and Juliet. Themes and Colors Key. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Romeo and Julietwhich you can use to track the themes throughout the work. As some music plays outside, Capulet realizes that Paris is approaching with his coterie.
He urges the nurse to go wake Juliet up and get her ready for church—her groom has arrived. Active Themes. Cite This Page. MLA Chicago. Florman, Ben. Retrieved January 15, Copy to Clipboard. Download this Chart PDF. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion! Romeo and Juliet Worksheets and Activities. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.
Romeo and Juliet in Plain English.At the chapel, Paris speaks to Friar Laurence about his impending wedding to Juliet. Aware of the complications that will arise from this new match, the Friar is full of misgivings.
Juliet, in search of Romeoarrives at the chapel and finds Paris there. She is forced to speak with him, and he behaves arrogantly now that their wedding is set. However, Juliet rebuffs him with her vague answers, and then finally asks Friar Laurence if she might speak to him alone. When the Friar assents, Paris is forced to leave.
Friar Laurence proposes a complicated plan to help Juliet reunite with Romeo.
Romeo and Juliet
The Friar will give Juliet a special potion that will effectively kill her for 48 hours; she will exhibit no signs of life. Following their family tradition, her parents will place her body in the Capulet vault. Meanwhile, Friar Laurence will send a letter to Romeo, instructing him of the plan so that the boy can meet Juliet in the tomb and then lead her away from Verona.
Juliet approves of the plan. Happy to know that she will be reunited with Romeo, Juliet returns home and apologizes to her father for her disobedience. He pardons her, and instructs her to prepare her clothes for the wedding, which is now going to happen the next day.
Lord Capulet then sets out to find Paris to deliver the good news about Juliet's change of heart. Juliet convinces Lady Capulet and the Nurse to let her sleep alone that night. Juliet keeps a knife nearby in case the potion should fail. She then drinks the Friar's potion and falls to her bed, motionless. When the Nurse arrives to fetch Juliet the next morning, she finds the young girl's lifeless body. Lady Capulet soon follows, and is understandably devastated over her daughter's apparent suicide.
When Lord Capulet finds out his daughter is dead, he orders the the wedding music to shift into funeral dirges. The grieving family prepares to move Juliet's body to the Capulet tomb as soon as possible. As noted in the previous Analysis sections, Shakespeare foreshadows Romeo and Juliet 's tragic ending by peppering the whole play with images of death. In Act 4, death finally comes to the forefront.
Even though the audience understands that Juliet's death is a ploy, watching her plan and execute her suicide is an emotional moment - the extreme measures Juliet and Romeo are willing to take to be together are proof of their tragic desperation.
In Act 4, Juliet summons all of her internal strength, which is manifest in her willingness to engage in the Friar's rash and precarious plan.To link to this Romeo and Juliet Act 4 Summary page, copy the following code to your site:. Toggle navigation. Friar Laurence is surprised by this news although he tries not to show it.
He knows that Juliet will be upset since he already married her to Romeo, so she is not going to want to marry Paris. At that moment, Juliet walks in and asks if she can speak to Friar Laurence. Paris offers to leave and kisses Juliet goodbye saying he will see her on Thursday for their wedding day. As soon as he exits, Juliet panics and tells Friar Laurence that if he doesn't have a way to prevent this wedding, she will kill herself.
Friar Laurence tells her to hold on because he has an idea. Rather than marrying Paris, if she has the courage to fake her own death, he can help her escape. He explains that he has a potion that will slow her breathing and make her turn cold for forty-two hours. During this time her parents will find her and put her in the monument with all their dead relatives.
Romeo and Juliet Summary and Analysis of Act 4
Then Friar Laurence will deliver a note to Romeo telling him about the plan so that Romeo can break Juliet out of the tomb shortly after she wakes up and take her away to Mantua to live with him. Juliet agrees to try it.
Friar Laurence reminds her to act pleased about the marriage and ask that she not be disturbed that evening so that she can take the potion without anyone noticing. He says he will send one of the friars to deliver the letter to Romeo in Mantua right away. Scene two takes place in the Capulet household where the servants are preparing for the wedding of Juliet and Paris. Juliet enters having returned from what her family assumes was confession. She goes to her father to apologize for her behavior.
She says she will do as he wishes her to do. Her father is pleased and asks that Paris be fetched to hear this good news, but Juliet tells him that she ran into Paris at the church and told him as much herself. Capulet instructs the Nurse to go help Juliet prepare.
He assures his wife that he will stay up all night if need be to prepare for this wedding tomorrow. In scene three Juliet is in her bedroom. She assures the Nurse that she feels ready for the wedding tomorrow. Then she tells her mother that she would like to be left alone overnight to get some sleep. Before Lady Capulet leaves the room, Juliet tells her farewell, for she knows she may never see her again.
Then she panics and thinks about calling the Nurse back to her, but she knows she must complete this task alone. Once Juliet is alone, she has a long soliloquy where she outlines all the possibilities of what could happen in the next few days. First, she worries that the potion won't do anything, and she'll have to marry Paris the next day.
She looks at her dagger and reassures herself that she will kill herself before she would allow that to happen. Next, she worries that perhaps the potion is actually poison, which Friar Laurence has given her because he realizes he made a mistake in marrying her to Romeo. However, she thinks that he is a godly man, and he would not kill her. Then she considers what would happen if she wakes up in the tomb before Romeo arrives to rescue her.
She wonders if she would suffocate from a lack of air. She pictures being surrounded by the bones of her many dead relatives, including Tybalt, who died just recently and won't look or smell very nice.The time is 3 a.
The Capulet household has been alive throughout the night with frenetic wedding preparation activities. The day begins to break, and Capulet hears music signaling that Paris is approaching the house. The Capulet house bustles with activity as the family feverishly prepares for the wedding ceremony. Banter with the servants is frenetic and excited. The atmosphere is electrified with the joyful expectation of the upcoming marriage.
The commotion on the lower floors provides a striking contrast with the scene upstairs, where the bride lies in bed, apparently dead. Capulet's final line is ironic when he notes the arrival of Paris, "make haste! The bridegroom is come already. Capulet is unaware that Juliet is already a bride and that her bridegroom is Romeonot Paris. The appearance of the bridegroom also foreshadows Capulet's speech of lamentation in the next scene, when he describes death as a rival suitor for Juliet.
The Nurse teases Capulet for the pride and concern he takes in household affairs. Capulet is humorously responding to his wife's remarks about his past. Capulet puns on the second servant's ability to find logs for the fire.
Romeo and Juliet Act 4 Summary
We start off with a little action: a duel between the servants of two enemy families of Verona: the Montagues and the Capulets. After the swords are sheathed, Verona's Prince shows up to say that the next person who fights is going to get killed, and he means it this time. Along comes Romeo Montague, mooning over some chick named Rosaline.
Meanwhile, Juliet Capulet, age thirteen, has just heard that Verona's most eligible bachelor Paris has his eye on her. They're going to check each other out that night at a masquerade ball at the Capulets' house.
Romeo and his friends have decided to crash the Capulet ball—in costume—because Rosaline is on the guest list. Things take a turn when Romeo meets Juliet. They fall instantly in love, obviously, but then—gasp! It's all very dire, but, being two crazy kids in love, they have a secret meeting and decide to get married.'Romeo and Juliet' Act 4 Scene 1 Analysis (39 of 50)
Vegas road trip, anyone? Oh wait. No Vegas. Instead, Romeo meets with Friar Laurence to arrange the marriage, and Juliet gets her nurse to be a go-between. The Nurse meets Romeo and his friend Mercutio who thinks the whole situation is hilariousand they arrange to get Juliet to Friar Laurence. Get ready for some more names: Benvolio, another member of the Montague posse, runs into Tybalt Capulet, who is angry about the Montagues crashing his family party the other night.
Romeo, freshly married, strolls into the middle of a tense situation—which gets way tense when Tybalt kills Mercutio and Romeo promptly kills Tybalt in return.
Romeo jets, but the Prince still shows up to banish him. Hey, at least he's not going to be killed. Juliet hears from the Nurse that her new husband has murdered her cousin, which is a major bummer—but not enough of a bummer to keep her from being super stoked about her wedding night. Romeo can spend his wedding night with Juliet, but then he has to leave town while the Friar finds some way to get the Prince of Verona to pardon Romeo.
Meanwhile, back at the Capulet house, Lord Capulet decides a wedding to Paris is just the thing to distract Juliet from her grief. After Juliet's awesome, romantic wedding night, she finds out that she's supposed to marry Paris in two days.
Even her nurse thinks she should marry Paris, since Romeo is "as good as dead" to her. Juliet runs over to Friar Laurence's, where she has a weird kiss with Paris and then threatens to kill herself.
Yes, exactly So, she runs home, agrees to marry Paris, and takes the poison so she can be taken to the Capulet tomb where Romeo can find her and everyone can live happily ever after. Sadly, Romeo is a little out of the loop off in Mantua, and the news of Juliet's "death" makes it to Romeo before word of the Friar's plan. He buys some poison so he can go to Juliet's grave and kill himself, which is obviously the mature response.
But first, he murders Paris and then spends some time with Juliet's "dead" body. He drinks the poison and dies just in time for Juliet to wake up and find him dead.She tells her father that she will abide by his wishes and agree to marry Paris. Lord Capulet is so overjoyed at the news that he decides to move the wedding from Thursday to Wednesday. Lady Capulet protests, saying that such quick notice doesn't allow enough time to prepare, but the euphoric Lord Capulet ignores her. Juliet is now to be married the following morning.
Here, fate twists Juliet's fortunes once again. Capulet, in his impulsive zeal, complicates the Friar's plan by moving the wedding forward a full day. Juliet must take the potion that night and lapse into a suspended state 24 hours sooner than the Friar had anticipated. This development reduces the amount of time the Friar will have to notify Romeo in Mantua. Juliet has acquiesced to Capulet's reckless whims and appears compliant — even excited to an extent.
This enthusiasm, however feigned, seems to heighten her father's zeal even further. Juliet shows great composure in facing her father, even though she knows that his plans and her arrangements are so different. Juliet's enthusiasm is, however, at least somewhat genuine since the mechanism by which she intends to resolve her personal crisis is already in motion. Capulet, of course, misinterprets Juliet's apparent good cheer, believing that Friar Laurence has persuaded Juliet to marry Paris. Capulet is characteristically impulsive, rash, and unpredictable.
His blind enthusiasm leads him to insist that his entire family and staff work through the night to make adequate preparations for the hastened ceremony. In this scene, he shows a greater disrespect for his wife than in previous scenes.
His blathering authoritarianism reaches new levels as he again insults Juliet, accusing her of "peevish, self-willed harlotry. The comparison between Juliet and her mother is noteworthy. Whereas Lady Capulet cannot exercise any control in her life and receives no respect from her husband, Juliet has taken control of her life and tries to exert some influence over her situation.
She has become self-possessed to the extent that she can command her own fate; however, when society eliminates her options, she is left with the only thing she can control — her death.
Juliet displays remarkable powers of duplicity as she describes her meeting with Paris at the Friar's cell.
Clearly, however, as Romeo's wife, Juliet's devotion to Romeo is absolute. Juliet's duplicity goes beyond her skillful use of language. She partakes willingly in the wedding preparation; however, amid all the frenzy, Juliet prepares for her presumed death. She has emotionally removed herself from her surroundings. Her trust rests in the Friar and her love in Romeo. The Capulet household is alive with activity on her behalf — for an occasion she neither desires nor intends to attend.
The people around her have betrayed her, and the wedding preparations manifest that betrayal. I'll try. Capulet regards his daughter with contempt. Previous Scene 1. Next Scene 3. Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title.
Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks?On Thursday, sir? The time is very short. My father Capulet will have it so, And I am nothing slow to slack his haste. Uneven is the course. I like it not. Now, sir, her father counts it dangerous That she do give her sorrow so much sway, And in his wisdom hastes our marriage To stop the inundation of her tears— Which, too much minded by herself alone, May be put from her by society. Now do you know the reason of this haste.
She is alone all the time and thinking too much about her grief. Some company might help her to stop crying. Now you know the reason for this hurry to the wedding. Happily met, my lady and my wife. That may be, sir, when I may be a wife. What must be shall be.
Come you to make confession to this Father? To answer that, I should confess to you. Do not deny to him that you love me. I will confess to you that I love him. So will ye, I am sure, that you love me. If I do so, it will be of more price Being spoke behind your back than to your face.
If I do so, it will be worth more if I say it behind your back than if I say it to your face.
Poor soul, thy face is much abused with tears. The tears have got small victory by that, For it was bad enough before their spite. That is no slander, sir, which is a truth, And what I spake, I spake it to my face. Thy face is mine, and thou hast slandered it. It may be so, for it is not mine own. My leisure serves me, pensive daughter, now.
God shield I should disturb devotion! God forbid that I should intrude on confession! Juliet, I will wake you early on Thursday. O, shut the door! And when thou hast done so, Come weep with me, past hope, past cure, past help. Oh, shut the door! My situation is beyond hope, beyond cure, beyond help!
O Juliet, I already know thy grief.